First populated over 13,000 years ago, the country of Mexico has a rich history that spans out over a period of three millennia, making it a country of historical significance. It was occupied, by a wide variety and complex indigenous civilizations before being conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century.
It is for this reason, you cannot possibly visit Mexico without doing a full-on historical and cultural tour around some of the most prominent and well persevered ancient sites. Take a look at the following top historical sites and monuments in Mexico.
- La Parroquia de San Miguel Arcángel
La Parroquia de San Miguel Arcángel, which is the the current Parish church of San Miguel, is an architectural gem that catches the eyes of thousands upon thousands of people. In fact, it is one of the most photographed churches in the entire country.
Built in the 17th century in a traditional Gothic façade, the church was constructed by Zeferino Gutierrez, an indigenous bricklayer and self-taugh architect. The fascniating architect stated that he was inspired to build the church and its designs from postcards and lithographs of Gothic churches built across Europe
- The Teotihuacán
Located in the Valley of Mexico is the Teotihuacán, one of Mexico’s most iconic archaeological sites that is home to the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas.
This massive structure dates back to around 100 BC and has become a cultural symbol of the ancient Mesoamerica. Due to the fact that virtually nothing is known about the historical site, its origins, its people, where they came from and what language they spoke, its mystery deepens and continues to grab our attention, sparks the imagination of the many, and the quest for answers of hundreds of historians and archaeologists.
- Uxmal Pyramid in an Ancient Mayan city of Yucatán
Considered one of the most important archaeological sites of the Mayan culture, the Uxmal Pyramid is a World Heritage Site. Locates in the Puuc region, this magnificent monument stands as a representation of the region’s dominant and unique architectural style.
Though it is not clear when exactly the Uxmal Pyramid was built, scholars and historians are estimating to have been built around 500 A.D. by Hun UitzilChacTutulXiu, and it was the most powerful and glorious site during in Yucatán for a large period of time.
- The Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza, a monument which literally translates to “at the mouth of the well of the Itza,” stands where once a fully constructed city was located as far back as 600 AD. The Chicken Itza itself was created during the 9th century when the Palenque City and Tikel City were abandoned and deserted by the Mayans.
Nevertheless, it was during the 10th century that the city became one of the largest Mayan cities spanning from central of Yucatán to the north coast and down the east and west coasts of the peninsula.
- Ruins of Palenque in Chiapas
The Ruins of Palenque, historically known as Lakamha, was a city created by the Mayans and rose to prosperity during the 7th century. The ruins, which date back to 226 BC to 799 AD, are seen as a symbol of resilience because it is one of the structures built after the attacks of the people of Calakmul.
In the year of 711, Palenque was occupied by the Toniná forces and the old king K’inichK’an Joy Chitam II was taken as prisoner. What happened to demised king is unknown. However, it is believed that he was taken back Toniná and executed. For a decade, the Mayans had no ruler or king untilK’inichAhkal Mo’ Nab’ III was crowned in 722.
King K’inichAhkal, his son along with his grandson governed the Mayans until the 8th century and though not much is known about their lengthy reigns as rulers, it is know that the war with Toniná continued.
- Guanajuato City
The entire city is World Heritage Site that dates back to the 16th century. There, you will find yourself surrounded by historic churches and some of Mexico’s most prominent artistic site.
The city is famed for its Festival Cervantino, an arts festival that is well known within the arts community and continues to draw attention and attendance from people around the world.